{{Short description|Linux distribution}} {{Infobox OS

| screenshot = | caption = | developer = | family = [[Unix-like|Unix]] | source_model = | license = [[AGPL]] | logo = | name = YunoHost | family = [[GNU/Linux]], based on [[Debian]] | project status = Active | package manager = [[Advanced Packaging Tool|Apt]]/[[Dpkg]] and the YunoHost app system | graphical interface = [[Web interface]] }}

'''YunoHost''' is a [[Linux distribution]] based on [[Debian]]{{cite web|title=Derivatives/Census/YunoHost - Debian Wiki |url=https://wiki.debian.org/Derivatives/Census/YunoHost |website=wiki.debian.org |access-date=2021-06-24 |language=en}} [[GNU]]/[[Linux]] composed of [[Free Software|Free Software]] and aiming to facilitate the practice of [[Self-hosting (web services)|self-hosting]] in a broad sense.

In other words, YunoHost allows you to install and use your own [[Computer server|server]] in order to host, most often at home, services such as [[email|e-mail]] boxes, [[website|websites]], file synchronization tools, [[instant messaging]], etc{{cite web |language=fr |author1=Guénaël Pépin |title="Let's unglue the Internet: we take stock with Luc Didry, system administrator of Framasoft |url=https://www.nextinpact.com/article/23921/101536-degooglisation-dinternet-on-fait-point-avec-luc-didry-administrateur-systeme-de-framasoft |website=Next Impact |date=29 September 2016 |access-date=19 January 2021}}..

The name YunoHost comes from the English Y-U-No-Host (''Why you no host?''), colloquially meaning ''Why don't you self-host?'' It is a pun derived from the [[internet meme]] "Y U NO"{{cite web|title="Y U NO" Guy|website=Know Your Meme|url=http://knowyourmeme.com/memes/y-u-no-guy |date=1 October 2010|access-date=31 January 2018 |language=en}}.

== History == The YunoHost project was initiated in 2012 by Alexis Gavoty and Adrien Beudin, two Frenchmen who were both practicing self-hosting. In February 2012, Alexis Gavoty started to reconfigure his e-mail server by copying the configuration of Adrien Beudin's. A developer by trade, he decided to automate the process by creating an administration interface{{cite conference |url=https://toulibre.org/pub/2016-11-19-capitole-du-libre/videos/communaute-du-libre/bram-1-an-et-demi-de-brique-internet.mp4 |title=1 and a half years of the Internet Cube |conference=Capitole du Libre 2016 |language=fr}}, which led them to the release of a first beta version on May 31st, 2012. Version 1.0 stable is finally released on August 22nd, 2012{{cite web |language=en |title=update version 1.0 final - YunoHost/cd_build_v1@09b28af |url=https://github.com/YunoHost/cd_build_v1/commit/09b28af479cb892bf96f709b3399b20d689ef5fc |website=GitHub |access-date=2021-06-24}}.

Between 2012 and 2014, new regular contributors joined the project and YunoHost was completely rewritten in [[Python (language)|Python]] instead of [[Ruby]] as part of version 2.0.

At this time, self-hosting becomes more accessible the arrival of the first [[ARM architecture family|ARM cards]], such as the [[Raspberry Pi]]. YunoHost is in fact in line with the [[FreedomBox]] project theorized in 2010 by [[Eben Moglen]] during his ''Freedom in the Cloud'' speech {{cite web |language=en |title=Highlights of Eben Moglen's Freedom in the Cloud Talk - Software Freedom Law Center |url=https://softwarefreedom.org/news/2010/feb/10/highlights-eben-moglens-freedom-cloud-talk/ |website=softwarefreedom.org |access-date=2021-06-24}}. In 2014, the French associative ISPs of the [[Fédération FDN]] created a between an [[Olimex]] ARM card, YunoHost, and a [[Virtual Private Network|VPN]], named the Internet Cube. It simplifies the installation process by bypassing the interfaces and restrictions of commercial ISP boxes {{cite web |language=fr |author=Louis Adam |date=25 November 2015 |title=The Internet Cube: a new offensive by independent ISPs? |url=https://www.zdnet.fr/actualites/la-brique-internet-nouvelle-offensive-des-fai-independants-39828628.htm |website=ZDNet France |access-date=2021-06-24}}{{,}}{{cite AV media |title=The Internet Cube |publisher=Tracks by [[Arte]] |url=https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=32OZusFsBzU }}. In 2015, Alexis Gavoty handed over the supervision of the development to other contributors. Jérôme Lebleu became the main contributor at that time{{cite web |language=en |title=YunoHost/yunohost |url=https://github.com/YunoHost/yunohost |website=GitHub |access-date=2021-06-24}}. Then, late 2016, the project endured a 6-month standstill, due to a lack of active reviewers. After redefining responsibilities, the project restarted with Alexandre Aubin as main contributor.

In 2017, the association [[Framasoft]] provides support by helping packaging the applications of the Dégooglisons Internet (''Let's Degooglize Internet'') campaign{{cite web |title=After "Dégooglisons Internet", Framasoft launches its new campaign Contributopia |url=https://www.nextinpact.com/article/27407/105401-apres-degooglisons-internet-framasoft-lance-sa-nouvelle-campagne-contributopia |website=nextinpact.com |date=13 October 2017}}.

On August 25th 2018 the association ''Support Self-Hosting'' is created to support the YunoHost project and self-hosting{{cite web |title=Search results Associations journal-officiel.gouv.fr |url=https://www.journal-officiel.gouv.fr/associations/detail-annonce/associations_b/20180038/396 |website=www.journal-officiel.gouv.fr |access-date=2021-06-24 |language=fr}}. The project then received funding from the NlNet Foundation{{cite web |title=YunoHost and the Internet Cube |url=https://nlnet.nl/project/InternetCube/ |language=en}}.

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